Water is one of the most essential natural resources, critical to survival of life on the earth. However, with the rapid industrial growth and establishment of advanced commercial settlements, water also constitutes as one of the highest amounts of waste products, water waste being an integral part of industrial activity.
Such a scenario, especially in the light of the crucial significance of water as a resource has led to the development of a large number of units concentrating especially on water waste management and all the related elements therein.
In order to understand what it implies by the mechanics of water waste management, it is first important to analyze and learn the basic concept of water waste. Water waste is basically any form of water that has been adversely affected in quality by anthropogenic influence. The entire gamut of waster waste comprises of liquid waste discharged by domestic residences, commercial properties, industry or agriculture, including a wide range of potential contaminants and concentrations.
Meanwhile, sewage is a further category of water waste, which is basically contaminated with faeces or urine, but is more often used to mean any form of water waste. The broader concept of water waste management includes the entire procedures to treat the physical infrastructure, including pipes, pumps, screens and channels that are used to convey sewage from its origin to the point of eventual treatment or disposal.
Another important aspect of water waste management is to first identify the source of water waste, which will further influence the method adopted for the complete procedure of water waste management. To begin with, human waste, mostly from the lavatories constitute one of the highest amounts of waste water, calling for strong waste water management policies, owing to the risk of spread of infection and disease.
Cesspit leakage, sewage treatment plant discharge and septic tank discharge are the other two important sources of water waste, calling for effective water waste management techniques. The other common instances of the sources of waste water include washing water, rainfall collected on roofs, yards and hard-standings, surplus manufactured liquids from domestic sources, seawater ingress, storm drains and industrial waste.
Meanwhile, it is also important to analyze the main constituents of water waste to formulate an effective and successful strategy for water waste management. The mot important and prominent constituent of waste water include water, pathogens such as bacteria and viruses, non-pathogenic bacteria, organic particles such as faeces, hair, food, vomit and paper fibers. Soluble organic particles such as urea and fruit sugars, inorganic particles such as sand, grit and metal particles, macro-solids such as sanitary napkins, nappies and diapers and toxins such as pesticides, poisons and herbicides also form a major portion of this form of waste product.