India is a land with many beautiful rivers and countryside. In India many of the rivers are considered to be holy, but water pollution in India has caused many of the rivers to be too polluted for use.
Water pollution is a very serious problem in India which is the second most populous nation in the world. It is estimated that over 70% of all India’s surface water is polluted in some way and many of the groundwater reserves have also been contaminated as a result of biological and industrial pollutants.
As more and more water becomes polluted the pollution gets more and more severe. Many rivers have been deemed to be unsafe for human consumption which leads to water scarcity. Indian water pollution also makes irrigating crops difficult. If the supply is too polluted to drink it should not be used for watering crops. With limited sources of water and pollution increasing every day India is facing a serious water crisis.
In order to combat the problem of pollution in India’s water supply, sustainable water systems must be put into place.
India is already a very populated country and many estimates predict that the population will continue to rise in the future. This will place an even greater burden on the already dwindling supplies of usable water.
Water pollution in India affects the children more severely than any other group of people. Between half a million to one and a half million children under the age of five die every year from diarrhea in India as a direct result of water related diseases. Malaria is also a by-product of contaminated waters and causes many deaths as well.
The problem of water pollution also leads to fights over what little amounts of usable water there is. Violence has been known to erupt over shared resources of water which threatens the security of India.
Fertilizers and pesticides have also made their way into the water supply due to improper soil managements in India. This results in runoff and leaching of toxic chemicals into the ground waters. These dangerous chemicals pose a serious threat to the safety and health of not only humans, but animals and plants as well. A over abundance of fertilizers causes too much algae to grow which depletes the water of oxygen and kills off both plants and animals.
To stem the tide of Indian water pollution many steps need to be taken to cut back on contaminants being dumped into the water supplies. There also need to be better regulations, and economic and management policies need to be put into place to reduce the water pollution in India.