Steps for conserving biodiversity are not just something for national governments to legislate into action. There are many steps for conserving biodiversity that can be taken at local (both organizational and individual) levels.
Let’s first look at steps for conserving biodiversity that governments can take. First and foremost, they can acknowledge that the rights of local populations take precedence over development projects that strip an areas resources with little or no benefit to the people the area sustains. They can need businesses to recycle and reuse things. They can need megafarming corporations, lumber companies, and other agribusinesses to allow parts of their land to lie fallow for specific amounts of time, or need crop rotation so that the land is not depleted and has time to recover. They can set aside areas where no farming or cutting is done, to preserve at least some of our natural heritage. They can address pollution of our bodies of water by drug companies and penalize those who dump toxic wastes into our waters. They can regulate overfishing and farming of seafood.
Additionally, governments should also be addressing the role played in the destruction of forests and biodiversity by international financial institutions like the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, who act as if they were a law unto themselves. They can better supervise aid organizations to make sure that aid delivered actually gets into the hands of the people it is intended for.
Steps for conserving biodiversity that locals can take include organizing to fight encroachment by megacorporations and to educate people to the particular threats to their areas. Such education would also include things that individuals can do to lessen their impact on the planet.
Local businesses can enforce and encourage recycling measures, and not replace equipment just because there is something new and trendy on the market. They can encourage their employees to learn about biodiversity and fund internships within the communities they serve.
Individuals can take many steps for conserving biodiversity. They can support local wildlife organizations, or volunteer at their local wildlife preserve or botanical garden. They can reduce their use of energy and gasoline. They can avoid using plastic grocery bags or recycle paper that has been used on one side only into scrap pads.
While many of these steps for conserving biodiversity seem too small on their own to be effective, the cumulative effects are considerable. With education, these are things that can and should be done by us while we try to get our governments to take the steps they can. If an entire populace is practising biodiversity conservation, it becomes that much harder to ignore.