Defining Agencies and the Requirements for Control of Pollution

The Pollution Control Department (PCD) is a division of the National Environment Agency (NEA), providing necessary needs for control of pollution by assessing and considering the impact of all environmental developments on a new industry before it is allowed to go any further in its development. Any planning and development needs the associated authorities to consult with this organization first, with the PCD researching the proposals while ensuring that the industrial or residential development is accurately and properly sited, compatible with its appropriate land use.

If the development involves a new industry, the PCD will process its building plans against its environmental impact to prevent any unmanageable safety hazards or health risksa major concern for the needs for control of pollution. It will only pass if its pollutant emissions comply with standard codes, the company can provide and guarantee a safe management and disposal of wastes, and if the site is a suitable one.

Additional safety needs for control of pollution involve other areas, such as legislation, water pollution control, air pollution control, and hazardous substances controlwith each one having their own set of needs to maintain pollution control:

LEGISLATION needs for control of pollution
o Environment Pollution Control Act (EPCA) came into operation on April 1, 1999.
Consolidates previous separate laws on (1) air, (2) water, (3) noise pollution, and (4) hazardous substances control
Provides a comprehensive framework of legislative control of environmental pollution
o Title amended on January 1, 2008 to the Environmental Protection and Management Act (EPMA)
Provided for protection and management of environment and resource conservation
WATER POLLUTION CONTROL needs for control of pollution
o Serves all industrial estates and all residential premises
o All wastewater is needed to go into the public sewer system operated by a Public Utilities Board
o Industrial wastewater is needed to be treated by specific standards before entering any sewer or water course
o Industries containing large amounts of acidic effluent need the installment of pH monitoring and shut-off control system to prevent its entrance into public sewer
AIR POLLUTION CONTROL needs for control of pollution
o Industrial and power generation plants are equipped with pollution control equipment
Required to comply with air emission standards
Specified in the Environmental Protection and Management (Air Impurities) Regulations
Revised standards developed on January 1, 2001
Replaced the Clean Act (Standards) Regulations of 1978
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES CONTROL needs for control of pollution
o Governed by the EPMA, the Environmental Protection and Management (Hazardous Substances) Regulations, and the Environmental Protection and Management (Ozone Depleting Substances Regulations)
o License is needed for any person who imports, sells, exports, buys, stores, and or uses any hazardous substance under the Act.
o Permit is needed for anyone who buys, stores or/and uses any hazardous substance under the control of the Environmental Protection and Management (Hazardous Substances) Regulations
o Transport approval is needed for anyone who wishes to transport hazardous substances in quantities exceeding those specified in the Environmental Protection and Management (Hazardous Substances) Regulations
TOXIC INDUSTRIAL WASTE CONTROL needs for control of pollution
o Refers to oil, waste acids, spent solvents, waste sludge, spent etchants, and waste alkalis,
Solvents, waste oil, and spent etchants are recycled
Landfills are needed for waste sludge