Water pollution is a concern for the world. It is not something limited to poor nations. Many people think that only poor countries suffer from the lack of clean drinking water and pollution of water. That is far from the truth.
Water is one of the Earth’s most precious resources and preserving the lakes, rivers, streams, oceans and wetlands is very important. The quality of a persons life is directly related to the quality of their water.
Many diseases and sicknesses that people suffer from are a direct result of consuming contaminated waters.
In third world countries hundreds of thousands of children die each year as a result of polluted waters.
In the United States it has been estimated that 40% of the lakes, rivers and streams are too polluted to fish in or swim in.
Prevention of water pollution must be high on the list of priorities concerning environmental issues. It’s surprisingly easier than may be expected and can be accomplished in simple ways.
Everyone suffers from water pollution. In places like the United States, though, government regulations have helped to make sure clean drinking water. The government can afford to do so. That does not mean that water pollution is not a problem. Without regulation the US would suffer from a lack of clean drinking water just like poorer countries. There is a need for the prevention of water pollution.
Effects of Water Pollution
The effects of water pollution are pretty simple to understand. Every living thing needs water to survive. Without clean drinking water every living thing would die.
Looking at it, though, from the point of view of someone living in a country where clean drinking water is not a concern there are still reasons to be interested in the prevention of water pollution.
Water pollution can affect ecosystems. It will cause marine life to die. It will cause plant life to die. It will have an overwhelming affect on humans that can lead to health problems and other problems associated with the deterioration of nature.
The effects of water pollution are not limited to just clean drinking water. They are serious issues that should be addressed, including a focus on the prevention of water pollution.
How Water Gets Polluted
Water can become polluted in many different ways. Obviously, illegal dumping of trash, waste and hazardous substances is a major source of water pollution, but it is not the only way.
Water can also be polluted through overgrowth of algae, plants of bacteria in the water. Animals can pollute water with waste. Generally, any time something foreign is introduced into the water system it is considered pollution.
Two Major Acts of Prevention of Water Pollution
The two major efforts to make sure clean water are monitoring and testing. Through these two methods for the prevention of water pollution is caught and corrected before it can become a major concern.
Monitoring water pollution involves setting up laws regarding dumping and other polluting activities. It includes keeping waterways clean through maintenance and car. It also involved monitoring industrial activities to make sure there is no accidental run off into water sources.
Testing is done regularly to catch any problem right away. Sometimes pollution happens naturally and testing helps to make sure it is caught and controlled as soon as possible to minimize the damaging effects.
One of the keys to the prevention of water pollution is to take better care as to what is put on the ground. Anything that ends up on the ground can end up in the water supply as a result of run off.
One of the ways that pollutants get into the water sources is through everyday activities such as washing a car in the driveway. When a car is washed in a driveway the soapy water runs down the pavement possibly picking up other pollutants such as oils and gasoline and carries them all into the storm drains and gutters. From there the untreated murky, soapy water runs directly into the nearby streams, rivers and lakes carrying the soap, oils, grease and other toxins with them.
A good way to make sure of water pollution prevention while still maintaining a clean car would be to use a commercial car washing facility that is equipped to deal with the outflow of dirty water. If you must wash your car at home a better solution is to do so on the grass or on a gravel surface where the grass and rocks can act as a filter of sorts. Even the tiniest bit of pollutant can affect a large amount of water.
One gallon of used motor oil dumped into the water supply can render one million gallons of water undrinkable. Another technique helpful for the prevention of water pollution is to properly dispose of used anti-freeze, paints, oils and other toxic chemicals. These substances should never be dumped down drains or toilets.
Some business actually collect used oils providing a good place to safely dispose of these hazardous materials.
Other ways to prevent water pollution include using natural household cleaners that are environmentally friendly and reducing or eliminating the use of fertilizers and pesticides which contribute to the pollution of the water supply.