India is one of the top nations with the most air pollution. The larger cities in India are places where cramped quarters and traffic congestion meet. This combination is a perfect atmosphere for extreme problems with air pollution. The health effects have been recorded from the past and the results are alarming.
Prevention of air pollution in India is something that can actually help the world. Such a crowded nation being able to control their air pollution problems can be of significance to other countries. The methods used and the regulations placed can be modeled to help other countries begin to get control over air pollution.
1984 Bhopal Disaster
In 1984 India experienced the worst short-term civilian pollution crisis in the world. The Bhopal Disaster was caused by an industrial vapor leak from the Union Carbide factory.
The leak had immediate and long felt effects. Two thousand people died as an immediate result with anywhere from 150,000 to 600,000 people injured. Due the nature of the incident an exact number of injured was never able to be determined. Of the injured that day another six thousand people died as a result of their injuries.
This major event had far-reaching effects in India and helped to open the eyes of the government and the people about the issue of Indian air pollution problems.
The government of India is very clear on what they need to do for the preventing air pollution. The challenges have not always been proven easy to overcome, but the government has done many great things to forward the prevention.
The Air Act of 1981 was a major stepping stone. It created the framework for the prevention and control of air pollution. This led to the deterioration of air quality being reviewed and launched investigations to get the sources of air pollution in India.
Measures, actions and standards were put into effect to help reduce pollution and work towards clean air for all India.
Prevention Measures in Use
Currently there are many measures in place to prevent air pollution. Business regulation is a main factor and likely one of the most stringent areas of control due to the 1984 disaster. Business face stiff regulations to help keep the people of India safe.
Buses in the public transportation system use compressed natural gas instead of fuel to keep them moving. This creates a major reduction in the air pollution in India’s major cities.
The movement towards clean air in India is going strong. There is no sign of any changes back to the way India used to be because the value of clean air is too much to let go of ever again.