Water in India for years has defined how life has existed for its large population, controlled by their country’s age-old monsoon climates with its countless devastationstoo much rain forming flooded areas and rivers rising to villages and towns, and causing the issues of too little rain which eventually leads to semi-arid regions of extreme drought. But somehow, adequate water supplies in India have always been provided through the country’s combination of groundwater resources, surface resources, and rainfallat least until lately. And now their water situation involves getting control of water pollution. In India, a country where previously it seemed as if it was not a problem.
Increasing development and poor land management practices in India are the cause of siltration and changing stream hydraulics, all leading to water pollution. This needed the imposing of a duty on every Indian citizen for their assistance in the control of water pollution in India, beginning in 1976 with the India parliament passing its 42nd amendment to safeguard their environment. With this act, India was the first country to involve its citizens in the safeguard their own country, to “protect and improve the natural environmentand to have compassion for living creatures”. From this, there developed seven Prevention & Control regulations which more or less involves control of water pollution in India, from which began the 1974 Water Act (Prevention & Control): the Water Act of 1974; the Water Cess Act of 1974; the Air Act of 1981, the Environment Act of 1986, the Hazardous Waste Rule, including Management and Handling of 1989; and the public liability Insurance Act of 1991.
A huge source of water pollution in India, in addition to other developing countries, is distillery industries. This involves approximately y 88% of raw materials converted into waste and then discharged into nearby bodies of watercausing high levels of water pollution of appreciable organic loads. Not appealing, is it colored with high acidic properties and an extremely nasty odor. Not only does control of water pollution in India become jeopardized at this time, but causes serious environmental issues.
One way India has overcome this major pollution is through biocompostinga major control of water pollution in India with present research going on for its conversion of distillery waste. Another study going on for the control of water pollution in India is the study of abiotic factors which affect the rate of decomposition. Several works are going on to observe the ill effects of this toxin and observe the reduction of its quantity and quality into the biocompost utilizing a similar method with chemical fertilizers.